Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) occurs when arteries harden. This hardening, called atherosclerosis, causes a build up of plaque in the blood vessels that carry oxygen and needed nutrients to all of the tissues of the body. As the plaque increases, blood flow is reduced and can actually cause complete blockage of the arteries.
A milder case of PAC typically causes difficulty walking, but it can also cause more severe symptoms such as painful foot ulcers, infections, and even gangrene, which could lead to amputation.
The likelihood of someone with PAD dying of a heart attack or stroke is three times greater than those without PAD. Risk factors include diabetes, smoking, obesity, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol.
If the arteries cannot be cleaned out or opened with a balloon, we utilize the bypass operation. A Bypass operation is a method to take blood around a major blocked artery. These operations involve two to five days in the hospital and carry an excellent long-term success rate.
Dr. Glenn Esses and Dr. Lee Ferguson are fellowship trained specialists in vascular disease and arterial disease. Poor circulation is a very serious health problem that should be treated as soon as possible. At the Vascular Center you’ll find diagnosis information and treatment options about arterial disease that may increase your quality of life.
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– Dr. Kitti Outlaw, Plastic Surgeon